Explanation of Key Trends - Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5)

Last updated on 10 Mar 2020 15:06 (cf. Authors)

Obligations

Germany has made a commitment to reduce particulate matter emissions. The revised Gothenburg Protocol and the revised NEC Directive both define emission reduction targets relative to a 2005 base year, mandating 26% (2020) and 43% (2030) reductions respectively.

Further details can be found in Chapter 9 - Projections and Chapter 11 - Adjustments and Emission Ceiling Exceedance.

Main drivers

Total PM2.5 emissions dropped by 54.6% between 1995 and 2018. The Main Drivers for PM2.5 emissions are Fuel Combustion (NFR 1.A) with 70.5% of total 1995 emissions and a 62% reduction between 1995-2018 and as a sum the Industrial Processes (NFR 2) with about 23% of total 1995 emissions and a 42% reduction between 1995-2018.

Within both National totals and NFR 1.A, Transport (NFR 1.A.3) is responsible for the biggest part of PM2.5 emissions. Here, about 77% of 2018 PM2.5 emissions are induced by Road Transport (NFR 1.A.3.b), caused by two third directly by fuel consumption (NFR 1.A.3.b.i - v) and the other third by road abrasion and tyre and brake wear (NFR 1.A.3.b.vi - vii).

PM2.5 Emissions 1995-2018

Total Emissions (Gg) Trend: latest compared to
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 1990 last years
213 174 141 123 118 117 115 107 106 100 98 97 down_green.png -54.6% down_green.png

PM2.5 trend by sector

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