2.H.2 - Food & Beverages Industry

Last updated on 29 Aug 2019 09:29 (cf. Authors)

Short description

With revenue of about EUR 179,6 billion, the food and beverage industry was one of the most important industries in Germany in 2017.

Nation-wide, 595,000 people were employed in food-industry companies (BVE, page 24).

Pursuant to the 1993 Classification of Economic Activities (WZ 93), the food and beverage industry is divided into nine groups and a total of 33 classes. Governmental statistical evaluations are oriented to this classification. The German food industry includes an especially large number of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); nearly 80 percent of its companies have fewer than 100 employees, and only 3 per cent have more than 500 employees (BpB, 2002, p.51).

The food and beverage industry's important process-related emissions include non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) and particulate matter (TSP, PM10, PM2.5). Emissions of the food and drink industry are reported, in summary form, in the inventory in of the sectoral report for industrial processes. Energyrelated emissions from the sugar industries are reported under category 1.A.2.

Pursuant to the IPCC, emissions reporting for the food and drink source category covers the following products:

Alcoholic beverages

  • Wine
  • Beer
  • Spirits

Bread and other foods

  • Meat, fish and poultry
  • Sugar
  • Margarine as well as hard and hardened fats
  • Cake, cookies and breakfast cereals
  • Bread
  • Animal feedstuffs
  • Coffee roasting


For emissions calculations, national emission factors were used where available. EF were evaluated and updated by a national research study "J. Theloke, S. Wagner, D. Jepsen, U. Hackmack: Emissionen aus der Nahrungsmittelindustrie", 2008, FKZ 206 42 101/01. Otherwise, the emission factors recommended by IPCC and CORINAIR were used.

The Central System of Emissions (CSE) lists activity rates (produced amounts) and emission factors for the relevant sectors. The activity rates for the various products / product groups, with the exception of that for feedstuffs, were obtained from the Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt, Fachserie 4, Reihe 3.1 and Fachserie 3, Reihe 3.2.1 and 3.22) [1], [2], [3].
The activity rates for feedstuffs were obtained from the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV, 2018) (Statistisches Jahrbuch über Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten) [4].


With activity data and emission factors remaining unrevised, no recalculations have been carried out compared to last year's submission.

Planned improvements

With submission 2020 the IIR chapter will be revised.

1. Statistisches Bundesamt (FS 4, R 3.1): Fachserie 4, Reihe 3.1: Produzierendes Gewerbe, Produktion im Produzierenden Gewerbe ("manufacturing industry; production in the manufacturing industry"; URL: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Branchen-Unternehmen/Industrie-Verarbeitendes-Gewerbe/_inhalt.html
2. Statistisches Bundesamt (FS 3, R 3.2.1): Fachserie 3, Reihe 3.2.1: Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Fischerei, Wachstum und Ernte – Feldfrüchte (div. Jgg.). URL: https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Branchen-Unternehmen/Landwirtschaft-Forstwirtschaft-Fischerei/Flaechennutzung/_inhalt.html
3. Statistisches Bundesamt (FS 3, R 3.2.2): Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Fischerei, Wirtschaftsdünger tierischer Herkunft inlandwirtschaftlichen Betrieben - Erhebung zur Wirtschaftsdüngerausbringung (div. Jgg.).
4. BMELV, 2018: Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection (BMELV): Statistisches Jahrbuch über Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten; URL: https://www.ble-medienservice.de/1767/statistisches-jahrbuch-ueber-ernaehrung-landwirtschaft-und-forsten-2017
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