2.G - Tobacco

Last updated on 09 Oct 2018 06:49 (cf. Authors)

Short description

In this sub-category of 2.G - Other product use Germany reports NOx, NH3, NMVOC, TSP, PM10, PM2.5, Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Zn, Benzo(a)pyrene (B[a]P), Benzo(b)fluoranthene (B[b]F), Benzo(k)fluoranthene (B[k]F), Indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene (I[1,2,3-c,d]P), PAH 1-4 and PCDD/F emissions from the smoking of cigarettes and cigars.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
2.G Other Product use: Use of Tobacco T2 NS CS/D see superordinate chapter

Method

Statistical data on imports, exports and production of tobacco, cigarettes and cigars are used as activity data (consumption = import + production - export). The sold amounts of cigarettes have been relative constant since 1990.

For the emission factors, a study was made and published in October 2016 "Entwicklung von Methoden zur Berechnung von Emissionen von Luftschadstoffen aus der Verwendung von Holzkohle, Tabak, Feuerwerk und Kerzen sowie aus dem Entfachen von Brauchtumsfeuern" from Nicola Toenges-Schuller et al., AVISO GmbH, for the Umweltbundesamt Germany. Based on this study, most of the EFs are an average value from different studys.

Table 1: Applied emission factors
Value Unit Data source
NOx 1.8 kg/t tobacco EMEP/EEA 2013
NMVOC 9.562857143 kg/t tobacco Average value
NH3 5.328968254 kg/t tobacco Average value
CO 112.5130952 kg/t tobacco Average value
TSP/PM10/PM2.5 18.84818164 kg/t tobacco Average value
BC 0.07415444 kg/t tobacco Average value
Cd 0.0054 kg/t tobacco EMEP/EEA 2013
Cu 5.4 g/t tobacco EMEP/EEA 2013
Ni 2.7 g/t tobacco EMEP/EEA 2013
Zn 2.155 g/t tobacco Average value
PCDD/F 0.1 µg/t tobacco EMEP/EEA 2013
B[a]P 0.214230159 g/t tobacco Average value
B[b]F 0.260595238 g/t tobacco Average value
B[k]F 0.260595238 g/t tobacco Average value
I[1,2,3-c,d]P 0.419325397 g/t tobacco Average value

Recalculations

Activity data: For 2015, preliminary data was replaced with final statistical data.

Table 2: Revised activity data 2015, in kilotonnes
2015
Submission 2018 238
Submission 2017 240
absolute change -2.31
relative change -0.96%

Emission factors have been revised based on the above-mentioned study.

Table 3: Revised emission factors
NOx NMVOC NH3 CO PM BC Cd Cu Ni Zn PCDD/F B[a]P B[b]F B[k]F I[…]p PAH 1-4
[g/Mg] [µg/Mg] [g/Mg]
Submission 2018 1,800 9,563 5,329 112,513 18,848 74.2 5.40 5.40 2.70 2.16 0.10 0.21 0.26 0.26 0.42 1.15
Submission 2017 1,800 4,840 4,150 55,100 27,000 121.5 5.40 5.40 2.70 2.70 0.10 0.11 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.25
absolute change 0.00 4,723 1,179 57,413 -8,152 -47.3 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.55 0.00 0.10 0.22 0.22 0.37 0.91
relative change 0.00% 97.58% 28.41% 104.20% -30.19% -38.97% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -20.19% 0.00% 92.97% 479% 479% 832% 369%

Based on the revised activity data (2015 only) and emission factors , the emission estimates changed as follows:

Table 4: Revised emission estimates
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
NOx in [kt]
Submission 2018 0.73 0.78 0.61 0.50 0.50 0.55 0.45 0.48 0.47 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.43 0.428
Submission 2017 0.73 0.78 0.61 0.50 0.50 0.55 0.45 0.48 0.47 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.43 0.432
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.004
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.96%
NMVOC in [kt]
Submission 2018 3.90 4.16 3.22 2.64 2.65 2.92 2.38 2.53 2.49 2.59 2.62 2.59 2.27 2.27
Submission 2017 1.98 2.11 1.63 1.34 1.34 1.48 1.21 1.28 1.26 1.31 1.33 1.31 1.15 1.16
absolute change 1.93 2.06 1.59 1.30 1.31 1.44 1.18 1.25 1.23 1.28 1.29 1.28 1.12 1.11
relative change 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 97.58% 95.68%
NH3 in [kt]
Submission 2018 2.18 2.32 1.79 1.47 1.47 1.63 1.33 1.41 1.39 1.44 1.46 1.44 1.27 1.27
Submission 2017 1.69 1.81 1.40 1.15 1.15 1.27 1.03 1.10 1.08 1.13 1.14 1.12 0.99 1.00
absolute change 0.48 0.51 0.40 0.33 0.33 0.36 0.29 0.31 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.28 0.27
relative change 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 28.41% 27.17%
CO in [kt]
Submission 2018 45.9 49.0 37.8 31.1 31.1 34.3 28.0 29.8 29.4 30.5 30.8 30.4 26.7 26.7
Submission 2017 22.5 24.0 18.5 15.2 15.2 16.8 13.7 14.6 14.4 14.9 15.1 14.9 13.1 13.2
absolute change 23.4 25.0 19.3 15.9 15.9 17.5 14.3 15.2 15.0 15.6 15.7 15.5 13.6 13.5
relative change 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 104% 102%
PM (TSP = PM10 = PM2.5) in [kt]
Submission 2018 7.69 8.20 6.34 5.20 5.22 5.75 4.70 5.00 4.92 5.11 5.16 5.10 4.48 4.48
Submission 2017 11.02 11.75 9.08 7.45 7.47 8.23 6.73 7.16 7.04 7.32 7.40 7.31 6.42 6.48
absolute change -3.33 -3.55 -2.74 -2.25 -2.26 -2.49 -2.03 -2.16 -2.13 -2.21 -2.23 -2.21 -1.94 -2.00
relative change -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.19% -30.86%
BC in [kt]
Submission 2018 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Submission 2017 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
absolute change 0.00 0.00 -0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 -0.01
relative change -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -38.97% -39.55%
Cd in [t]
Submission 2018 2.20 2.35 1.82 1.49 1.49 1.65 1.35 1.43 1.41 1.46 1.48 1.46 1.28 1.28
Submission 2017 2.20 2.35 1.82 1.49 1.49 1.65 1.35 1.43 1.41 1.46 1.48 1.46 1.28 1.30
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.96%
Cu in [t]
Submission 2018 2.20 2.35 1.82 1.49 1.49 1.65 1.35 1.43 1.41 1.46 1.48 1.46 1.28 1.28
Submission 2017 2.20 2.35 1.82 1.49 1.49 1.65 1.35 1.43 1.41 1.46 1.48 1.46 1.28 1.30
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.96%
Ni in [t]
Submission 2018 1.10 1.18 0.91 0.75 0.75 0.82 0.67 0.72 0.70 0.73 0.74 0.73 0.64 0.64
Submission 2017 1.10 1.18 0.91 0.75 0.75 0.82 0.67 0.72 0.70 0.73 0.74 0.73 0.64 0.65
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.96%
Zn in [t]
Submission 2018 0.88 0.94 0.72 0.60 0.60 0.66 0.54 0.57 0.56 0.58 0.59 0.58 0.51 0.51
Submission 2017 1.10 1.18 0.91 0.75 0.75 0.82 0.67 0.72 0.70 0.73 0.74 0.73 0.64 0.65
absolute change -0.22 -0.24 -0.18 -0.15 -0.15 -0.17 -0.14 -0.14 -0.14 -0.15 -0.15 -0.15 -0.13 -0.14
relative change -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.19% -20.95%
PCDD/F in [kg]
Submission 2018 0.00004 0.00004 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00002 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00002 0.00002
Submission 2017 0.00004 0.00004 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00002 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00003 0.00002 0.00002
absolute change 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.96%
B[a]P in [kg]
Submission 2018 87.4 93.2 72.0 59.1 59.3 65.3 53.4 56.8 55.9 58.1 58.7 58.0 50.9 50.9
Submission 2017 45.3 48.3 37.3 30.6 30.7 33.9 27.7 29.4 29.0 30.1 30.4 30.0 26.4 26.6
absolute change 42.1 44.9 34.7 28.5 28.6 31.5 25.7 27.4 26.9 28.0 28.3 27.9 24.5 24.3
relative change 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 92.97% 91.12%
B[b]F in [kg]
Submission 2018 106.4 113.4 87.6 72.0 72.1 79.5 64.9 69.1 68.0 70.6 71.4 70.5 61.9 61.9
Submission 2017 18.4 19.6 15.1 12.4 12.5 13.7 11.2 11.9 11.7 12.2 12.3 12.2 10.7 10.8
absolute change 88.0 93.9 72.5 59.5 59.7 65.8 53.7 57.2 56.2 58.4 59.1 58.3 51.2 51.1
relative change 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 474%
B[k]F in [kg]
Submission 2018 106.4 113.4 87.6 72.0 72.1 79.5 64.9 69.1 68.0 70.6 71.4 70.5 61.9 61.9
Submission 2017 18.4 19.6 15.1 12.4 12.5 13.7 11.2 11.9 11.7 12.2 12.3 12.2 10.7 10.8
absolute change 88.0 93.9 72.5 59.5 59.7 65.8 53.7 57.2 56.2 58.4 59.1 58.3 51.2 51.1
relative change 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 479% 474%
I[…]P in [kg]
Submission 2018 171.1 182.5 141.0 115.8 116.0 127.9 104.5 111.2 109.4 113.7 114.9 113.5 99.7 99.7
Submission 2017 18.4 19.6 15.1 12.4 12.5 13.7 11.2 11.9 11.7 12.2 12.3 12.2 10.7 10.8
absolute change 152.8 162.9 125.8 103.3 103.6 114.2 93.3 99.2 97.6 101.5 102.6 101.3 89.0 88.9
relative change 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 832% 823%
PAH 1-4 in [kg]
Submission 2018 471 503 388 319 320 352 288 306 301 313 316 312 274 274
Submission 2017 100 107 83 68 68 75 61 65 64 67 67 67 58 59
absolute change 371 396 306 251 251 277 226 241 237 246 249 246 216 215
relative change 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 369% 365%

For pollutant-specific information on recalculated emission estimates reported for Base Year and 2015, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Planned improvements

No improvements are planned.


Bibliography
1. EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016, Copenhagen, 2016.
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