2.G(a) - Fireworks

Last updated on 29 Aug 2019 09:29 (cf. Authors)

Short description

In this sub-category of 2.G(a) - Other product use: Fireworks Germany reports NOx, SOx, CO, TSP, PM10, PM2.5, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb and Zn emissions from fireworks.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
2.G(a) Other Product use: Fireworks T2 NS D see superordinate chapter


Activity data

Statistical data on imports, exports and production of fireworks are used to calculate the consumption.

consumption = import + production - export.
production (Source: Destatis, 42131-0003 Vierteljährliche Produktionserhebung i.Verarb.Gew. - GP09-205113000 Feuerwerkskörper) [1]
import & export (Source: Destatis, 51000-0013 Außenhandel - WA36041000 Feuerwerkskörper) [2]

The amounts of fireworks produced in Germany are confidential since 2005. For the following years, an expert judgement was done. This is deemed acceptable as the produced amounts are of minor relevance compared to the amounts imported and exported.

The sold amounts of fireworks have increased strongly from 1990 to 1995. From 1995 to 1997 the emissions were relatively high but decreased from 1997 to 2005. Since then, the emissions have been relatively constant with small fluctuations.

Emission factors

The emission factors are derived from [3], page 20, table 3-13: Tier 2 emission factor for source category 2.D.3.i, 2.G Other solvent and product use, Other, Use of Fireworks.


No recalculations were necessary in this submission.

For specific information on recalculated emission estimates for Base Year and 2016, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.


The uncertainty for the AD is given as 5% for the lower bounds and as 50% for the upper bounds. This disparity is based on the assumption that there are unknown imports of fireworks not recorded in the statistics.

Planned improvements

No improvements are planned.


1. Statistisches Bundesamt (42131-0003): Vierteljährliche Produktionserhebung im Verarbeitenden Gewerbe - GP09-205113000 Feuerwerkskörper; URL: https://www-genesis.destatis.de/genesis/online/data;sid=641CDA4FAAF93C130415951E35C6F337.GO_2_2?operation=abruftabelleAbrufen&selectionname=42131-0003&levelindex=0&levelid=1552378901672&index=3
3. EMEP/EEA, 2016: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016, Copenhagen, 2016.
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