2.C.7.a - Copper Production

Last updated on 30 Mar 2020 06:48 (cf. Authors)

Short description

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
2.C.7.a Copper Production T1 AS D, CS L & T: Cd | L: Pb

Within this NFR sub-category, SO2, PM2.5, PM10, TSP, PCDD/F, HCB, As, Cd, Cu, Hg, and Pb emissions from the production of copper are reported.

Methodological issues

Activity data

The yearly production figures were taken from the annual statistical report of the German association for non-ferrous metals [1].

Emission factors

The emission factors are either default values according to the 2016 EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook or determined in several research projects. The EF for the heavy metals (HM) are taken from a research project [2].

Table 1: Tier1 emission factors applied for entire time series
Pollutant EF Unit
HCB 1 mg/t
PCDD/F 2.9 µg/t
TSP 0.100 kg/t
PM10 0.085 kg/t
PM2.5 0.07 kg/t
SO2 3.0 kg/t
As 7 g/t
Cd 15 g/t
Cu 57 g/t
Hg 0.031 g/t
Pb 16 g/t


With activity data and emission factors remaining unrevised, no recalculations have been carried out compared to last year's submission.

Planned improvements

No category specific improvements are planned.

1. German association for non-ferrous metals (WirtschaftsVereinigung Metalle): Annual statistical report: https://www.wvmetalle.de
2. Ökopol, IER, IZT, IfG: Bereitstellung einer qualitätsgesicherten Datengrundlage für die Emissionsberichterstattung zur Umsetzung von internationalen Luftreinhalte- und Klimaschutzvereinbarungen für ausgewählte Industriebranchen Teilvorhaben 2: NE-Metallindustrie, Kalkindustrie, Gießereien.
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License