1.A.5.b iii - Emissions from Military Navigation

Last updated on 16 Mar 2020 11:52 (cf. Authors)

Short description

In sub-category 1.A.5.b iii - Other, Mobile (including Military) emissions from military navigation are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
1.A.5.b iii Other: Military - Mobile Combustion: Waterborne T1, T2 NS, M D, M, CS, T1, T3 see superordinate chapter

Method

Activity Data

Primary fuel data for national military waterborne activities is included in NEB lines 6 ('International Deep-Sea Bunkers') and 64 ('Coastal and Inland Navigation') for IMO and non-IMO ships respectively.

The annual shares used within NFR 1.A.5.b iii are therefore calculated within (Deichnik, K. (2019)), where ship movement data (AIS signal) allows for a bottom-up approach providing the needed differentiation.

Table 1: Annual fuel consumption, in terajoules
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Diesel Oil 983 665 563 410 383 366 360 349 347 330 313 302 332 273 359 489 423
Biodiesel 0 0 0 9 11 16 18 24 22 21 20 18 19 14 11 11 11
Heavy Fuel Oil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ʃ 1.A.5.b iii 983 665 563 419 394 382 378 373 369 351 334 319 351 286 370 500 434

source: Deichnik, K. (2019): BSH model [1]

Emission factors

The emission factors applied here, are derived from different sources and therefore are of very different quality.

For the main pollutants, country-specific implied values are used, that are based on tier3 EF included in (Deichnik, K. (2019)) [1] which mainly relate on values from the EMEP/EEA guidebook 2019 [2]. These modelled IEFs take into account the ship specific information derived from AIS data as well as the mix of fuel-qualities applied depending on the type of ship and the current state of activity.

Table 2: Annual country-specific emission factors for diesel fuels1, in kg/TJ
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
NH3 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.32 0.33 0.33 0.33
NMVOC 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.4 41.6 41.1 47.7 37.4 38.0 39.1
NOx 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,106 1,105 1,098 1,011 1,119 1,124 1,117
SOx 466 419 233 186 186 186 140 69.8 69.8 65.2 59.4 55.9 53.4 40.0 38.7 38.8 39.3
BC 109 98.3 54.6 43.7 43.7 43.7 32.8 16.4 16.4 15.3 15.3 15.3 16.1 19.6 16.3 15.2 15.8
PM2.5 352 317 176 141 141 141 106 52.9 52.9 49.3 49.3 49.3 51.9 63.2 52.6 49.0 51.0
PM10 377 339 189 151 151 151 113 56.6 56.6 52.8 52.8 52.7 55.5 67.7 56.3 52.4 54.6
TSP 377 339 189 151 151 151 113 56.6 56.6 52.8 52.8 52.7 55.5 67.7 56.3 52.4 54.6
CO 136 136 136 136 136 136 136 136 136 136 136 136 142 158 148 139 142

1 due to lack of better information: similar EF are applied for fossil diesel oil and biodiesel
2 ratio PM2.5 : PM10 : TSP derived from the tier1 default EF as provided in [2]
3 estimated from a BC-fraction of 0.31 as provided in [2], chapter: 1.A.3.d.i, 1.A.3.d.ii, 1.A.4.c.iii Navigation, Table 3-2

NOTE: With respect to the emission factors applied for particulate matter, given the circumstances during test-bench measurements, condensables are most likely included at least partly.1

For information on the emission factors for heavy-metal and POP exhaust emissions, please refer to Appendix 2.3 - Heavy Metal (HM) exhaust emissions from mobile sources and Appendix 2.4 - Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exhaust emissions from mobile sources.

Recalculations

The small changes in the activity data applied result solely from a revised biofuel share for biodiesel in 2017:

Table 4: Revised fuel consumption data 2017, in terajoules
TOTAL Diesel Oil Biodiesel
Submission 2020 500.2 489.3 10.9
Submission 2019 500.6 489.3 11.3
absolute change -0.40 0.00 -0.40
relative change -0.08% 0.00% -3.57%

In contrast, all (annual) country-specific emission factors remain unaltered.

For more pollutant-specific information on recalculated emission estimates for Base Year and 2017, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Uncertainties

See superordinate chapter on NFR 1.A.5.b.

Planned improvements

A routine revision of the underlying model is planned for the next annual submission.


Bibliography
1. Deichnik (2019): Deichnik, K.: Aktualisierung und Revision des Modells zur Berechnung der spezifischen Verbräuche und Emissionen des von Deutschland ausgehenden Seeverkehrs. from Bundesamts für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH); Hamburg, 2019.
2. EMEP/EEA, 2019: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2019, Copenhagen, 2019.
3. Rentz et al., 2008: Nationaler Durchführungsplan unter dem Stockholmer Abkommen zu persistenten organischen Schadstoffen (POPs), im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, FKZ 205 67 444, UBA Texte | 01/2008, January 2008 - URL: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/publikationen/nationaler-durchfuehrungsplan-unter-stockholmer
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