1.A.4 - Small Combustion: Mobile Sources

Last updated on 14 Mar 2018 09:05 (cf. Authors)

Short description

NFR-Code Source category
1.A.4 Small Combustion
including mobile sources sub-categories
1.A.4.a ii Commercial / Institutional: Mobile
1.A.4.b ii Residential: Household and Gardening: Mobile
1.A.4.c ii Agriculture/Forestry/Fishing: Off-road Vehicles and Other Machinery
1.A.4.c iii Agriculture/Forestry/Fishing: National Fishing

Mobile sources reported under NFR 1.A.4 - Small combustion comprise of such versatile mobile equipment as forklifters (1.A.a ii), gasoline-driven lawn mowers used for gardening (1.A.4.b ii) over tractors in agriculture and harvesters and chain saws in forestry (1.A.4.c ii) to the German deep sea fishing fleet (1.A.4.c iii).

For further information on sub-sector specific consumption data, emission factors and emissions as well as further information on emission trends, recalculations and planned improvements, please follow the links above.

Method

Activity data

Primary activity data are available from National Energy Balances (NEBs) (AGEB, 2017) [1].

Here, aggregated data for NFRs 1.A.a ii,1.A.4.c ii and 1.A.2.g vii are included in line 67: 'Commercial, trade, services and other consumers'.
In contrast, AD for is available directly from line 66: 'Households'.
Furthermore, AD for is included partly in NEB lines 6: 'Maritime Bunkers' and 64: 'Coastal and inland navigation'.

Table 1 below tries to demonstrate the breaking-down of primary data in NEB line 67 onto NFRs 1.A.2.g vii, 1.A.4a ii and 1.A.4.c ii.
For further information on the resulting specific shares as well as the fuel consumption in NFRs 1.A.4.b ii and 1.A.4.c iii please refer to the respective sub-chapters.

Table 1: Primary AD from NEB line 67: 'Commercial, trade, services and other consumers', in terajoules
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
diesel oil 126,920 105,800 96,425 85,293 84,674 84,918 85,850 90,599 89,516 91,362 90,044 93,377 97,410 101,911 103,106
biodiesel 0 0 0 1,866 2,466 3,793 4,244 6,239 5,841 6,017 5,903 5,432 5,937 5,509 5,410
gasoline 26,036 17,264 14,881 14,151 13,487 12,161 12,224 9,354 9,204 8,637 5,358 5,257 4,941 8,329 8,414
bioethanol 0 0 0 97 194 164 234 267 356 354 237 225 215 361 365
LPG 0 7,963 9,238 28,246 21,209 21,752 20,860 21,222 24,605 19,193 19,582 19,559 17,945 19,916 20,460

In a first step, annual fuel deliveries to the military as provided in [2]…

Table 2: Annual fuel deliveries to the military as included in NEB line 67, in terajoules
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
diesel oil 15,037 8,001 1,364 3,366 1,872 1,825 1,201 1,003 990 622 972 681 683 583 582
biodiesel 0 0 0 74 55 82 59 69 64 41 63 39 41 32 31
gasoline 21,508 9,800 7,477 6,857 6,128 4,789 4,955 4,907 4,862 4,695 4,175 4,092 3,695 3,342 3,009
bioethanol 0 0 0 47 88 65 95 140 188 192 185 175 161 145 131
LPG 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

…are deduced from these primary AD, giving the remaining amounts of gasoline and diesel oil for NFRs 1.A.2.g vii, 1.A.a ii and 1.A.4.c ii.

Table 3: Annual fuel deliveries to the remaining sectors covered by NEB line 67, in terajoules
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
diesel oil 111,883 97,799 95,061 81,928 82,802 83,093 84,649 89,596 88,526 90,740 89,072 92,696 96,727 101,328 102,524
biodiesel 0 0 0 1,792 2,412 3,711 4,185 6,170 5,776 5,976 5,839 5,392 5,896 5,478 5,379
gasoline 4,528 7,464 7,404 7,294 7,359 7,372 7,269 4,447 4,342 3,942 1,183 1,165 1,246 4,987 5,405
bioethanol 0 0 0 50 106 100 139 127 168 162 52 50 54 216 235

As the National Enregy Balances provide no consumption data for LPG before 1995 and as part of the LPG provided in NEB line 67 is used for stationary combustion (whereas all diesel and gasoline fuels are allocated to mobile combustion), activity data for LPG used in in NRMM are taken directly from TREMOD MM.

In another step, the following sub-sectors specific annual percentual contributions to NEB line 67 as computed within TREMOD-MM [3] are apllied to these primary AD to deduce sub-sectors specific AD.

Table 4: Annual percentual contributions of NFRs 1.A.2.g vii, 1.A.a ii and 1.A.4.c ii
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Diesel & Biodiesel
1.A.2.g vii 42.28% 45.40% 44.48% 40.15% 41.16% 39.76% 40.72% 40.59% 39.41% 39.70% 39.98% 40.13% 40.29% 39.81% 39.70%
1.A.4.a ii 6.95% 6.56% 6.64% 7.14% 6.92% 6.97% 6.91% 6.99% 7.02% 6.96% 6.91% 6.85% 6.78% 6.79% 6.79%
1.A.4.c ii (i) 48.39% 46.70% 46.83% 50.05% 49.05% 49.67% 49.76% 50.10% 50.90% 50.60% 50.57% 50.46% 50.33% 50.74% 51.00%
1.A.4.c ii (ii) 2.38% 1.34% 2.05% 2.65% 2.87% 3.60% 2.61% 2.32% 2.67% 2.74% 2.54% 2.56% 2.60% 2.66% 2.51%
Gasoline & Bio-Ethanol
1.A.2.g vii 31.46% 59.71% 55.09% 58.38% 58.35% 52.61% 62.04% 66.08% 63.99% 63.84% 66.31% 66.48% 66.23% 65.94% 67.57%
1.A.4.c ii (ii) 68.54% 40.29% 44.91% 41.62% 41.65% 47.39% 37.96% 33.92% 36.01% 36.16% 33.69% 33.52% 33.77% 34.06% 32.43%

The final NFR-specific activity data is provided within the corresponding chapters of this report.


Bibliography
1. AGEB, 2017: Working Group on Energy Balances (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (Hrsg.), AGEB): Energiebilanz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland; URL: http://www.ag-energiebilanzen.de/7-0-Bilanzen-1990-2015.html, (Aufruf: 21.10.2017), Köln & Berlin, 2017.
2. BAFA, 2017: Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (Bundesamt für Wirtschaft und Ausfuhrkontrolle, BAFA): Amtliche Mineralöldaten für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland;
URL: http://www.bafa.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/DE/Energie/Mineraloel/moel_amtliche_daten_2016_dezember.xlsx?__blob=publicationFile&v=6, Eschborn, 2017.
3. ifeu, 2017b: Helms, H., Lambrecht, U., Knörr, W.; ifeu Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH, ifeu): Aktualisierung des Modells TREMOD-Mobile Machinery, im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, Heidelberg, 2017.
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