1.A.4.c iii - Agriculture/Forestry/Fishing: National Fishing

Last updated on 14 Mar 2018 09:11 (cf. Authors)

Short description

In category 1.A.4.c iii the emissions of Germany's maritime fishing fleet are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
1.A.4.c iii National Fishing T1, T2 NS, M D, M, CS, T1, T2 no key category

Method

Activity Data

Primary fuel delivery data for national fishing is included in NEB lines 6 ('International Deep-Sea Bunkers') and 64 ('Coastal and Inland Navigation') for IMO-registered and unregistered ships respectively.

The actual annual amounts used are therefore calculated within (BSH, 2017), where ship movement data (AIS signal) allows for a bottom-up approach providing the needed differentiation.

Table 1: Annual fuel consumption, in terajoules
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Diesel Oil 711 549 531 488 474 486 484 482 473 442 431 429 472 555 1,117
Biodiesel 0 0 0 4 5 8 9 13 12 11 11 10 10 10 9
Heavy Fuel Oil 24 18 18 16 16 16 16 16 16 15 14 14 13 0 0

The strong increase in 2016 cannot be explained properly at the moment but will be checked within the underlying model.
However, all inland fuel deliveries to navigation activities are covered by the inventory.

Emission factors

The emission factors applied here, are derived from different sources and therefore are of very different quality.

For the main pollutants, country-specific implied values are used, that are based on tier3 EF included in the BSH model [1] which mainly relate on values from the EMEP/EEA guidebook 2016 [3]. These modelled IEFs take into account the ship specific information derived from AIS data as well as the mix of fuel-qualities applied depending on the type of ship and the current state of activity.

Table 2: Annual country-specific emission factors, in kg/TJ
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Diesel fuels 1
NH3 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.32
NMVOC 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.8 50.4 49.6 50.7
NOx 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,099 1,090 1,090 1,092 1,092
SOx 466 419 233 186 186 186 140 70 70 65 56 53 50 42 42
PM2,5 2 272 244 136 109 109 109 81 41 41 38 38 40 39 40 38
PM10 & TSP 291 262 145 116 116 116 87 44 44 41 41 43 41 43 40
BC 3 84 76 42 34 34 34 25 13 13 12 12 12 12 12 12
CO 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 106 103 107 101
Heavy fuel oil
NH3 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.35 NA NA
NMVOC 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 30.6 30.3 NA NA
NOx 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,188 1,283 1,287 NA NA
SOx 1,319 1,332 1,323 1,336 744 742 742 744 496 496 496 496 506 NA NA
PM2.5 2 469 474 471 475 264 264 264 264 176 176 176 149 149 NA NA
PM10 & TSP 516 521 518 523 291 290 290 291 194 194 194 164 164 NA NA
BC 3 56.3 56.8 56.5 57.0 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7 21.2 21.2 21.2 17.9 17.9 NA NA
CO 182 182 182 182 182 182 182 182 182 182 182 158 165 NA NA

1 due to lack of better information: similar EF are applied for fossil diesel oil and biodiesel
2 ratios PM2.5 : PM10 : TSP derived from the tier1 default EF as provided in [3]
3 estimated from f-BCs as provided in [3]: f-BC (HFO) = 0.12, f-BC (MDO/MGO) = 0.31 as provided in [2], chapter: 1.A.3.d.i, 1.A.3.d.ii, 1.A.4.c.iii Navigation, Table 3-2

For heavy metals and PCDD/F, PAHs, HCB and PCBs, similar tier1 values are applied for all navigation sub-categories. For details please refer to the superordinate chapter on 1.A.3.d linked here.

Trend discussion for Key Sources

NFR 1.A.4.c iii - National Fishing is no key source.

Recalculations

Recalculations occur due to both revised activity data (2014 & 2015) and emission factors (as of 1990).

Activity data:

Table 3: Revised fuel consumption estimates 2014 & 2015, in terajoules
Diesel Oil Biodiesel Heavy Fuel Oil
2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015
Submission 2018 471.76 554.88 10.50 9.70 13.37 0.00
Submission 2017 469.26 419.67 10.13 9.06 13.65 15.19
absolute change 2.50 135.21 0.37 0.64 -0.28 -15.19
relative change 0.53% 32.2% 3.6% 7.11% -2.07% -100%

Emission factors:

Table 4: Revised country-specific emission factors, in kg/TJ
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Diesel oil
Ammonia - NH3
Submission 2018 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320 0.320
Submission 2017 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319 0.319
absolute change 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001
relative change 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.5% 0.5%
Nitrogen oxides - NOx
Submission 2018 1.099 1.099 1.099 1.099 1.099 1.099 1.099 1.090 1.090 1.092
Submission 2017 1.069 1.069 1.069 1.069 1.069 1.069 1.069 1.071 1.066 1.066
absolute change 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 19 25 26
relative change 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2%
Non-methane volatile organic compounds - NMVOC
Submission 2018 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.8 50.4 49.6
Submission 2017 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.6 53.6 51.6 53.0 53.0
absolute change -3.6 -3.6 -3.6 -3.6 -3.6 -3.6 -3.6 -1.8 -2.6 -3.4
relative change -7% -7% -7% -7% -7% -7% -7% -3% -5% -6%
Sulphur oxides - SOx
Submission 2018 466 419 233 186 70 65 56 53 50 42
Submission 2017 466 419 233 186 70 65 65 65 65 65
absolute change 0 0 0 0 0 0 -9 -12 -15 -23
relative change 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% -14% -18% -23% -36%
Particulate matter - PM2.5
Submission 2018 272 244 136 109 41 38 38 40 39 40
Submission 2017 438 394 219 175 66 61 61 59 62 62
absolute change -166 -150 -83 -67 -25 -23 -23 -19 -23 -22
relative change -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -32% -37% -35%
Particulate matter - PM10 & TSP
Submission 2018 291 262 145 116 44 41 41 43 41 43
Submission 2017 469 422 234 187 70 66 66 63 66 66
absolute change -178 -160 -89 -71 -27 -25 -25 -20 -25 -23
relative change -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -32% -37% -35%
Black Carbon - BC
Submission 2018 102 102 102 102 102 102 102 106 103 107
Submission 2017 149 149 149 149 149 149 149 142 149 149
absolute change -47 -47 -47 -47 -47 -47 -47 -36 -46 -42
relative change -32% -32% -32% -32% -32% -32% -32% -25% -31% -28%
Carbon monoxide -CO
Submission 2018 84 76 42 34 13 12 12 12 12 12
Submission 2017 136 122 68 54 20 19 19 18 19 19
absolute change -52 -46 -26 -21 -8 -7 -7 -6 -7 -7
relative change -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -38% -32% -37% -35%
Heavy fuel oil
Ammonia - NH3
Submission 2018 0.330 0.330 0.330 0.330 0.330 0.330 0.330 0.340 0.350 NA
Submission 2017 0.326 0.326 0.326 0.326 0.326 0.326 0.326 0.331 0.331 0.331
absolute change 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.009 0.019 -0.331
relative change 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 6% -100%
Nitrogen oxides - NOx
Submission 2018 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,187 1,188 1,283 1,287 NA
Submission 2017 1,159 1,159 1,159 1,159 1,159 1,159 1,159 1,224 1,225 1,225
absolute change 28 28 28 28 28 28 29 59 62 -1.225
relative change 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 5% 5% -100%
Non-methane volatile organic compounds - NMVOC
Submission 2018 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 33.2 30.6 30.3 NA
Submission 2017 63.9 63.9 63.9 63.9 63.9 63.9 63.9 57.6 59.1 59.1
absolute change -30.8 -30.8 -30.8 -30.8 -30.8 -30.8 -30.8 -27.0 -28.9 -59.1
relative change -48% -48% -48% -48% -48% -48% -48% -47% -49% -100%
Sulphur oxides - SOx
Submission 2018 1,319 1,332 1,323 1,336 496 496 496 496 506 NA
Submission 2017 1,319 1,332 1,323 1,336 496 496 496 496 496 496
absolute change 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 -496
relative change 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% -100%
Particulate matter - PM2.5
Submission 2018 469 474 471 475 176 176 176 149 149 NA
Submission 2017 521 594 590 595 221 221 221 206 204 204
absolute change -52 -120 -119 -120 -45 -45 -45 -57 -54 -204
relative change -10% -20% -20% -20% -20% -20% -20% -27% -27% -100%
Particulate matter - PM10 & TSP
Submission 2018 516 521 518 523 194 194 194 164 164 NA
Submission 2017 573 653 649 655 243 243 243 226 224 224
absolute change -57 -132 -131 -132 -49 -49 -49 -62 -60 -224
relative change -10% -20% -20% -20% -20% -20% -20% -27% -27% -100%
Black Carbon - BC
Submission 2018 56 57 56 57 21 21 21 18 18 NA
Submission 2017 62 71 71 71 27 27 27 25 24 24
absolute change -6 -14 -14 -14 -5 -5 -5 -7 -7 -24
relative change -10% -20% -20% -20% -20% -20% -20% -27% -27% -100%
Carbon monoxide - CO
Submission 2018 182 182 182 182 182 182 182 158 165 NA
Submission 2017 206 206 206 206 206 206 206 188 189 189
absolute change -25 -25 -25 -25 -25 -25 -24 -30 -24 -189
relative change -12% -12% -12% -12% -12% -12% -12% -16% -12% -100%

For specific information on recalculated emssion estimates reported for Base Year and 2015, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Uncertainties

Uncertainty estimates for emission factors were adopted from NFR 1.A.3.d i as a comparable emission source.

Planned improvements

Besides a routine revision of the BSH model, further focus will be put on the correct allocation of actvity data to the different navigation activities covered in different NFR sub-sectors.


Bibliography
1. BSH, 2017: Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie, BSH): Pflege und Aktualisierung des Modells zur Berechnung der Energieeinsätze und Emissionen des von deutschen Häfen ausgehenden Seeverkehrs, im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, Hamburg, 2017.
2. Rentz et al., 2008: Nationaler Durchführungsplan unter dem Stockholmer Abkommen zu persistenten organischen Schadstoffen (POPs), im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, FKZ 205 67 444, UBA Texte | 01/2008, January 2008; URL: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/publikationen/nationaler-durchfuehrungsplan-unter-stockholmer
3. EMEP/EEA, 2016: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook – 2016; Chapter 1.A.3.d.i, 1.A.3.d.ii, 1.A.4.c.iii Navigation; URL: http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/emep-eea-guidebook-2013/part-b-sectoral-guidance-chapters/1-energy/1-a-combustion/1-a-3-d-navigation
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