1.A.3.d ii (b) - National Inland Navigation

Last updated on 14 Mar 2018 08:51 (cf. Authors)

Short description

Within 1.A.3.d ii (b) emissions from national inland navigation are described in more detail.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
1.A.3.d ii (b) National Inland Navigation T1, T2 T1, NS, M T1, T2, CS, D not included separately in key category analysis

Activity Data

Primary fuel deliveries data for national inland navigation is included in line 64 ('Coastal and Inland Navigation') of the National Energy Balances (AGEB, 2017) [1] together with respective data for non-IMO ships and vessels used in 1.A.3.d ii (a) - National maritime transport, 1.A.4.c iii - National fishing, 1.A.5.b iii - Military navigation. (NEB line 64 also inlcudes fuel deliveries to 1.A.3.d i (ii) - International inland navigation, that cannot be seperated at the moment.

The AD applied for national inland navigation therefore represents the remains of primary fuel delivery data from NEB line 64 minus the modelled consumption data estimated for non-IMO ships in 1.A.3.d ii (a), 1.A.4.c iii and 1.A.5.b iii:

(1)
\begin{align} AD_\text{ 1.A.3.d ii (b)} = PAD_\text{ NEB line 64} - AD_\text{ 1.A.3.d ii (a) - non-IMO} - AD_\text{ 1.A.4.c iii - non-IMO} - AD_\text{ 1.A.5.b iii - non-IMO} \end{align}
Table 1: Annual fuel consumption for inland navigation, in terajoules
1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Diesel Oil 20,664 18,597 6,788 6,921 8,634 7,050 6,836 5,683 7,129 7,497 8,466 7,556 7,777 8,566 8,918 9,808
Biodiesel 0 0 0 60 189 205 305 281 491 486 555 493 454 495 530 478
TOTAL 20,664 18,597 6,788 6,981 8,822 7,256 7,142 5,964 7,620 7,984 9,021 8,049 8,231 9,062 9,448 10,286

source: own estimations

Emission factors

For main pollutants and particulate matter, modelled emission factors are available from TREMOD (ifeu, 2017a) [2]. - Here, for SO2 and PM, annual values reflect the impact of fuel-sulphur legislation.

Table 2: Annual country-specific emission factors from TREMOD 1, in kg/TJ
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
NH3 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23
NMVOC 96.4 88.0 78.4 67.6 65.7 63.5 61.2 59.6 58.5 57.4 56.0 55.0 54.0 52.9 52.0
NOx 1.327 1.331 1.335 1.303 1.291 1.270 1.245 1.230 1.211 1.200 1.185 1.173 1.156 1.139 1.123
SOx 86.4 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
PM 2 56.5 51.8 46.0 38.1 36.5 35.0 33.4 32.4 31.4 30.7 29.9 29.2 28.6 28.0 27.4
BC 3 17.5 16.1 14.3 11.8 11.3 10.9 10.4 10.0 9.7 9.5 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.7 8.5
CO 417 388 340 279 267 255 242 233 226 220 213 208 202 197 192

1 due to lack of better information: similar EF are applied for fossil diesel oil and biodiesel
2 EF(PM2.5) also applied for PM10 and TSP (assumption: > 99% of TSP from diesel oil combustion consists of PM2.5)
3 calculated from f-BC as provided in [3], Chapter: 1.A.3.d.i, 1.A.3.d.ii, 1.A.4.c.iii, Table 3-2: f-BC (MDO/MGO) = 0.31

For heavy metals and PCDD/F, PAHs, HCB and PCBs, similar tier1 values are applied for all navigation sub-categories. For details please refer to the superordinate chapter on 1.A.3.d linked here.

Discussion of emission trends

Sub-sector 1.A.3.d ii (b) is not considered separately within the key category analysis.

Basically, emission trends directly follow the trend in over-all fuel consumption:

For sulphur dioxide, emission trends not only follow the trend in fuel consumption but also reflect the impact of fuel-sulphur legislation.
Here, the extreme decrease of SO2 emissions after 2010 results from a sharp reduction of the allowed sulphur-content of diesel oil used in inland navigation. As a result, the apllied EF dropped from 60.5 kg/TJ (2010) to 0.37 kg /TJ (2011). - Here, the development of the EF reflects the stepwise implementation of ever lower limit values. The inventory compiler is aware that already before the coming into force of a new limit value low-sulphur diesel might have been used. Unfortunately, such specific information on fuel qualities is not available to the party, resulting in the extreme trend in estimated SO2 emissions.

Recalculations

Activity Data:

Table 3: Revised fuel consumption data 2014 and 2015, in terajoules
Diesel oil Biodiesel
2014 2015 2014 2015
Submission 2018 8,566 8,918 495 530
Submission 2017 8,513 9,830 478 495
absolute change 53 -913 17 35
relative change 1% -9% 4% 7%

Emission Factors:

Table 4: Revised country-specific emission factors, in kg/TJ
1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Ammonia - NH3
Submission 2018 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.23
Submission 2017 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54
absolute change -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30 -0.30
relative change -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57% -57%
NMVOC
Submission 2018 96.4 88.0 78.4 67.6 65.7 63.5 61.2 59.6 58.5 57.4 56.0 55.0 54.0 52.9
Submission 2017 96.4 88.0 78.4 67.6 65.7 63.5 61.2 59.6 58.5 57.4 56.0 55.0 54.2 53.5
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.21 -0.56
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.02% -0.39% -1.06%
Nitrogen oxides - NOx
Submission 2018 1,327 1,331 1,335 1,303 1,291 1,270 1,245 1,230 1,211 1,200 1,185 1,173 1,156 1,139
Submission 2017 1,327 1,331 1,335 1,303 1,291 1,270 1,245 1,230 1,211 1,200 1,185 1,173 1,161 1,150
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.25 -5.12 -10.59
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.02% -0.44% -0.92%
Sulphur oxides - SOx
Submission 2018 86.4 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
Submission 2017 86.4 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 60.5 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.37
absolute change 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Particulate matter - PM
Submission 2018 56.5 51.8 46.0 38.1 36.5 35.0 33.4 32.4 31.4 30.7 29.9 29.2 28.6 28.0
Submission 2017 56.5 51.8 46.0 38.1 36.5 35.0 33.4 32.4 31.4 30.7 29.9 29.2 28.9 28.5
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.23 -0.56
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.02% -0.80% -1.96%
Black Carbon - BC
Submission 2018 17.51 16.06 14.26 11.81 11.30 10.85 10.36 10.04 9.75 9.53 9.26 9.06 8.87 8.67
Submission 2017 17.51 16.06 14.26 11.81 11.30 10.85 10.36 10.04 9.75 9.53 9.26 9.07 8.94 8.84
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.07 -0.17
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.02% -0.80% -1.96%
Carbon monoxide - CO
Submission 2018 417 388 340 279 267 255 242 233 226 220 213 208 202 197
Submission 2017 417 388 340 279 267 255 242 233 226 220 213 208 204 201
absolute change 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 -0.04 -1.81 -4.40
relative change 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% -0.02% -0.89% -2.19%

For information on the impacts on emission estimates reported for Base Year and 2015, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Planned improvements

Besides a routine revision of TREMOD, no further improvements are planned.

FAQs


Bibliography
1. AGEB, 2017: Working Group on Energy Balances (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (Hrsg.), AGEB): Energiebilanz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland; URL: http://www.ag-energiebilanzen.de/7-0-Bilanzen-1990-2015.html, Köln & Berlin, 2017.
2. ifeu, 2017a: Knörr, W. et al.; ifeu Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH, ifeu): Fortschreibung des Daten- und Rechenmodells: Energieverbrauch und Schadstoffemissionen des motorisierten Verkehrs in Deutschland 1960-2030, sowie TREMOD, im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, Berlin & Heidelberg, 2017.
3. EMEP/EEA, 2016: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016; Copenhagen, 2016.
4. Rentz et al., 2008: Nationaler Durchführungsplan unter dem Stockholmer Abkommen zu persistenten organischen Schadstoffen (POPs), im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, FKZ 205 67 444, UBA Texte | 01/2008, January 2008 - URL: http://www.umweltbundesamt.de/en/publikationen/nationaler-durchfuehrungsplan-unter-stockholmer
5. ifeu & INFRAS, 2009: IFEU – Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH und INFRAS Zürich: Ermittlung der Unsicherheiten der mit den Modellen TREMOD und TREMOD-MM berechneten Luftschadstoffemissionen des landgebundenen Verkehrs in Deutschland, FKZ 360 16 023, Heidelberg & Zürich.
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