1.A.2.b - Non Ferrous Metals

Last updated on 20 Mar 2020 20:23 (cf. Authors)

Short description

The sub-category 1.A.2.b - Non Ferrous Metals includes aluminium production (sub-divided into primary and resmelted aluminium) as well as lead production, thermal galvanisation, copper and zinc production.
In Germany, aluminium is produced at four foundries, in electrolytic furnaces with pre-burnt anodes. The principal emission sources are resulting from fuel provided in the energy related processes.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category 1
1.A.2.b Stationary Combustion in Manufacturing Industries and Construction: Non-ferrous Metals T2 NS no key category


Activity data

The source of the fuel inputs consists of the statistics for the manufacturing sector (Statistik 060 - Energieverwendung des produzierenden Gewerbes / energy use in the manufacturing sector), DESTATIS, reporting number 27.43 and 27.44, production and initial processing of lead, zinc and tin, production and initial processing of copper - and, for differentiations relative to heat and electricity production, Statistik 067 (DESTATIS).

Data for fuel consumption for production and initial processing of precious metals are also provided by these statistics.

Emission factors

Reported pollutants are NOx, NMVOC, SO2, NH3 and CO.

All particulate matter emissions are reported as process emissions under 2.C.

The underlying data for the emission factors used is provided by the report on the research project "Ermittlung und Evaluierung von Emissionsfaktoren für Feuerungsanlagen in Deutschland für die Jahre 1995, 2000 und 2010" (Determination and evaluation of emission factors for combustion systems in Germany for the years 1995, 2000 and 2010"; RENTZ et al, 2002) [1]. The values for the intermediate years 1996 - 1999 and 2001 - 2010 are obtained via linear interpolation; adjusted values for the following years.


Recalculations were necessary for the latest reference year due to the availability of the National Energy Balance. Germany has a federal structure which causes a time lag for the National Energy Balance. Therefore recalculations are always necessary.

For pollutant-specific information on recalculated emission estimates reported for Base Year and 2017, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Planned improvements

At the moment, no category specific improvements are planned.

1. RENTZ et al., 2002: Rentz, O. ; Karl, U. ; Peter, H.: Ermittlung und Evaluierung von Emissionsfaktoren für Feuerungsanlagen in Deutschland für die Jahre 1995, 2000 und 2010: Forschungsbericht 299 43 142; Forschungsvorhaben im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamt; Endbericht; Karlsruhe: Deutsch-Französisches Inst. f. Umweltforschung, Univ. (TH); 2002
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License