Adjustment DE - D - Nitrogen oxides & Ammonia from Energy Crops

Last updated on 17 Mar 2017 13:10 (cf. Authors)


Germany applies for adjustments of both NOx and NH3 emissions from '3.I - Agriculture other' (Storage of digestates from energy crops)' and '3.D.a.2.c Other organic fertilisers applied to soils (including compost)' as these emission sources were not accounted for at the time when emission reduction commitments were set, according to

EMEP Executive Body Decision 3/2012 ECE/EB.AIR/111/Add.1, para 6(a) [17]:

Emission source categories are identified that were not accounted for at the time when emission reduction commitments were set

and Decision 2014/1 ECE/EB.AIR/127/Add.1, Annex para 3(a) [18]):

[…] an emission source category for a specific pollutant will qualify as a new emission source category if emission estimates for that source category were introduced to the national emission inventory after the emission reduction commitment for that pollutant was set and where no methodology was provided in the EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook for determining emissions from that source category at the time that the emission reduction commitment was set


According ECE/EB.AIR/113/Add.1 Annex para 2, (i) b the Party shall support documentation that the source category was not included in the relevant historic national emission inventory at the time when the emission reduction commitment was set.

Since 2016, Germany reports NOx and NH3 emissions from both emission sources under the framework of the CLRTAP. The emissions are calculated using a new developed methodology described in Rösemann et al. (2017) [1]. This source was not covered by the CORINAIR Guidebook 2002 [18] and it is still not covered by the current version of the EMEP guidebook [10].


This adjustment has been reviewed and approved in 2016.

1. Rösemann et al. (2017): Rösemann C, Haenel H-D, Dämmgen U, Freibauer A, Döring, U, Wulf S, Eurich-Menden B, Döhler H, Schreiner C, and Osterburg B (2017), Calculations of gaseous and particulate emissions from German Agriculture 1990 – 2015. Report on methods and data (RMD), Submission 2017. Thünen Report 46, 423 p.
2. Reidy B., Dämmgen U., Döhler H., Eurich-Menden B., Hutchings N.J., Luesink H.H., Menzi H., Misselbrook T.H., Monteny G.-J., Webb J. (2008): Comparison of models used for the calculation of national NH3 emission inventories from agriculture: liquid manure systems. Atmospheric Environment 42, 3452-3467.
3. Dämmgen U., Hutchings N.J. (2008): Emissions of gaseous nitrogen species from manure management - a new approach. Environmental Pollution 154, 488-497.
5. Dämmgen U., Erisman J.W. (2005): Emission, transmission, deposition and environmental effects of ammonia from agricultural sources. In: Kuczyński T., Dämmgen U., Webb J., Myczko (eds) Emissions from European Agriculture. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen. pp 97-112.
6. Weingarten, P. (1995): Das „Regionalisierte Agrar- und Umweltinformationssystem für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland“ (RAUMIS). Berichte über die Landwirtschaft Band 73, 272-302.
7. Henrichsmeyer, W.; Cypris, Ch.; Löhe, W.; Meuth, M.; Isermeyer F; Heinrich, I.; Schefski, A.; Neander, E.; Fasterding, F.;, Neumann, M.; Nieberg, H.( 1996): Entwicklung des gesamtdeutschen Agrarsektormodells RAUMIS96. Endbericht zum Kooperationsprojekt. Forschungsbericht für das BMELF (94 HS 021), Bonn, Braunschweig.
8. IPCC – Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (1996): 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Reference Manual (Volume 3).
11. NIR (2017): National Inventory Report 2017 for the German Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2015. Available in April 2017.
12. Bailey, R. E., (2001): Global hexachlorobenzene emissions. Chemosphere, 43(2), 167-182.
13. Beall, M.L., (1976): Persistence of aerially applied hexachlorobenzene on grass and soil. Journal of Environmental Quality 5, 367-369
14. BVL (Bundesamts für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit Braunschweig): persönliche Mitteilung der Wirkstoffdaten, 2015.
15. Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth, Plejdrup M. S., Winther M., Nielsen,M., Fauser P., Albrektsen R., Mikkelsen M.H., Hjelgaard K., Hoffmann L., Thomsen M., Bruun H. G., (2014): Danish Emission Inventory for Hexachlorobenzene and Polychlorinated Biphenyls, No.103, 2014, Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, Aarhus University, Department of Environmental Science, pp65.
16. Fiedler, H., Hub, M., Willner, S., Hutzinger, O., (1995): Stoffbericht Hexachlorbenzol (HCB), Texte und Berichte zur Altlastenbearbeitung 18/95, Landesanstalt für Umweltschutz Baden-Württemberg, p.67, pp150.
17. EMEP EB, 2012: EMEP Executive Body Decision 3/2012 in ECE/EB.AIR/111/Add.1 - Adjustments under the Gothenburg Protocol to emission reduction commitments or to inventories for the purposes of comparing total national emissions with them
18. EMEP EB, 2012: EMEP Executive Body DecisionDecision 2014/1 - Improving the guidance for adjustments under the 1999 Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone to emission reduction commitments or to inventories for the purposes of comparing total national emissions with them
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