1.A.3.d ii - National Navigation (Shipping)

Last updated on 30 Aug 2017 16:54 (cf. Authors)

Short description

Under category 1.A.3.d ii - National Navigation emissions from national navigation (both inland and maritime) are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Category for (by1)
1.A.3.d ii National Navigation (Shipping) T1, T2, T3 NS, M CS, D, M NOx, PM10 & PM2.5: L/T
including emission from
1.A.3.d ii (a) National Maritime Navigation T1, T2, T3 NS, M CS, D, M not included separately in key-category analysis
1.A.3.d ii (b) National Inland Navigation T1, T2 NS, M CS, D, M not included separately in key-category analysis

Method

Activity data

As described for the over-all sector 1.A.3.d and all other navigational activities here here, specific fuel consumption data for NFR 1.A.3.d ii can be is included in the primary fuel deliveries data provided in NEB lines 6 ('International Maritime Bunkers') and 64 ('Coastal and Inland Navigation') [1].

Table 1: Annual over-all fuel consumption for domestic navigation, in TJ
1990 1995 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Diesel Oil 36,604 29,855 18,648 18,152 18,596 16,895 17,232 16,517 16,615 16,183 16,954 16,601 16,824 18,416 17,460
Biodiesel 0 0 0 95 268 310 474 476 729 691 757 708 647 680 651
Heavy Fuel Oil 11,723 8,041 8,577 8,069 7,172 7,004 7,425 7,797 6,733 6,114 5,961 6,410 6,376 6,174 6,255
NFR TOTAL 48,326 37,896 27,224 26,316 26,036 24,209 25,131 24,790 24,077 22,988 23,673 23,719 23,846 25,270 24,366

Emission factors

For information on the specific EF applied to 1.A.3.d ii (a) - Domestic Maritime Navigation and 1.A.3.d ii (b) - Domestic Inland Navigation, please refer to the sub-chapters linked above.

Discussion of emission trends

NFR 1.A.3.d ii is key category for emissions of NOx, PM2.5 and PM10.

For ammonia, NMVOC, and nitrogen oxides as well as carbon monoxide, emission trends more or less represent the trend in over-all fuel consumption. Nonetheless, for these pollutants, annual emission factors from TREMOD have been applied to national inland navigation, reflecting the technical development of the German inland navigation fleet.
In contrast, for the newly implemented reporting for emissions from national maritime navigation, constant tier1 values are applied at the moment, not taking into account any technical developments.

Regarding sulphur dioxide and particulate matter, emission trends also reflect the ongoing fuel-sulphur legislation.

Recalculations

As no revision occured to the tier3 fuel consumption estimates for domestic maritime navigation, consumption data for inland navigation remain unaltered as well.

For changes in the (implied) emission factors applied for domestic maritime navigation and inland navigation please refer to the sub-chapters linked above.

For information on the impacts on 1990 and 2014 emission estimates, please see the pollutant specific recalculation tables following chapter 8.1 - Recalculations.

Uncertainties

Uncertainty estimates for activity data of mobile sources derive from research project FKZ 360 16 023: "Ermittlung der Unsicherheiten der mit den Modellen TREMOD und TREMOD-MM berechneten Luftschadstoffemissionen des landgebundenen Verkehrs in Deutschland" by (ifeu & INFRAS, 2009) [6]. - For detailled information, please refer to the project's final report here (German version only!)

Planned improvements

With the next annual submission routine revisions of the models used for maritime and inland navigation are scheduled.


Bibliography
1. AGEB, 2016: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (Hrsg.): Energiebilanz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland; URL: http://www.ag-energiebilanzen.de/7-0-Bilanzen-1990-2014.html, Köln & Berlin, 2016.
2. BAFA, 2016: Bundesamt für Wirtschaft und Ausfuhrkontrolle, Amtliche Mineralöldaten für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland;
URL: http://www.bafa.de/bafa/de/energie/mineraloel_rohoel/amtliche_mineraloeldaten/index.html, Eschborn, 2016.
3. MWV, 2016: Mineralölwirtschaftsverband (MWV, Association of the German Petroleum Industry); MWV Jahresberichte: URL: https://www.mwv.de/publikationen/jahresberichte/, Berlin, 2016.
4. ifeu, 2016a: Knörr, W. et al., IFEU - Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH: Fortschreibung des Daten- und Rechenmodells: Energieverbrauch und Schadstoffemissionen des motorisierten Verkehrs in Deutschland 1960-2030, sowie TREMOD 5.4, im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes, Berlin.
5. EMEP/EEA, 2016: EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2016, Copenhagen, 2016.
6. ifeu & INFRAS, 2009: IFEU – Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH und INFRAS Zürich: Ermittlung der Unsicherheiten der mit den Modellen TREMOD und TREMOD-MM berechneten Luftschadstoffemissionen des landgebundenen Verkehrs in Deutschland, FKZ 360 16 023, Heidelberg & Zürich.
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